I can see from some of the replies how the gender inequality does exist in some professions but I would say in my profession my experience has been similar to the OP. Me and DH are in same profession (vets) but like the op DH has been a bit more career driven than me since qualifying so has done further training and qualifications to become a specialist so does earn more than I would (I'm currently a sahm but not really by choice). The profession is now heavily weighted with women (most universities intakes in uk are at least 80% female) so the opportunities that exist for females and possibility of part time work etc are usually very feasible. However I would agree with op that although I have female friends that have gone on to further education or climbed up the career path as it were to become partner for example in a practice, a higher proportion of my male friends have done this rather than stay in a more junior position. I have always thought this is in part due to the fact that many women do see themselves having children and taking some time off but this may well just be my viewpoint. Now I've had children and some time off I am now looking into further training when I have the chance to go back to work full time but it wasn't really on my radar before.
So in answer to op I do think for some professions the gender inequalities don't necessarily exist and the same opportunities and senior positions are available to women. Some women like myself chose not to progress further as they put the idea of family life and a career break above pushing themselves early on.