Ugh, I hate homework. More trouble than it's worth. There is so much research against it. Nightly reading for enjoyment at home most definitely but the other... No thanks! (Primary school hat on)... Kids should be learning other life skills after school - bake a cake! Climb a tree!
It's hard to point to a specific study, as their conclusions are so varied. Literature reviews are a good place to start, or something such as this summary of a Victorian inquiry into homework:
My main point was that the research doesn't back up homework. There are potentially benefits - moreso in certain situations than others. There are also potential downfalls. You can make all sorts of convincing arguments for and against it, but what surprises me is how vehemently many people will defend homework (to the point of belittling those who disagree, because it's apparently so OBVIOUSLY beneficial) despite the fact that the research doesn't actually support this.
In comparison DH didn't get that support as a teenager and now as an adult struggles with study, and genuinely thinks he can't study when it actuality he simply doesn't know how to. No one showed/emphasised the importance of learning how to study effectively.
Amount of hours i studied a day in school...... 0.
Still got a good HSC mark, not that it has ever mattered to me anyway....I have always had work to lead me to further opportunities. I knew i didnt want to go to Uni, but if i did id have to do the bridging course either was given your UAI was only considered for the first year out of school.
I'm also a parent with an expectation on homework and I instil that in my kids. FWIW my personal reasons for homework are less to do with intelligence or kids knowing how to do sight words and more just knowing rewards come with hard work. If they want to be good at handstands they practice. If they want to be good at the piano they have to practice. And if they want to get 20/20 on their spelling test on Friday they have to practice.
I like DS to do some homework on some days but mostly as an exercise in discipline and perseverance. His homework is all computer based (mathletics, reading eggs or the learning place) which he is quite happy to do. We do home readers most nights though.
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