The above text I don't think adequately describes the horror of FGM though. Type 3 and 4 FGM is described below (text in white - CAUTION - describes highly graphic and disturbing practice although I have tried to keep it not overly graphic!)
- Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).
- Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are "the lips" that surround the vagina).
- Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris.
- Other: all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area
Removal of the external genitals then sewing up the area (usually with a twine) leaving a small hole for urinating and menstrual blood. Can also include cutting of the vagina so that when it heals it partially heals together. The procedure is often carried out with broken glass or a sharp stone.
Type 1 and 2 I would assume are more about dulling female sexual desire. Type 3 and 4 are more about proof of virginity. Although not prescribed by Islam it is most often practised by Muslims as the religion insists on a woman/girl being a virgin when married. The procedure is done out of love for the child so they can prove their virginity.
ETA: the WHO estimate 140 million women are "living with the consequences of FGM" at the moment. It's probably the most disturbing abuse of human rights in the world right now.
Last edited by Busy-Bee; 29-11-2012 at 13:42.
A reminder that this thread was in regard to the AAP backing male circumcision due to the health benefits.
This is in no way relevant to FGM.Evaluation of current evidence indicates that the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks and that the procedure’s benefits justify access to this procedure for families who choose it. Specific benefits identified included prevention of urinary tract infections, penile cancer, and transmission of some sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has endorsed this statement.
Wonder how many of the employees really do back it or are jsut going along with what they think society needs and wants to hear. When Dr.s stop doing it because it is wrong and consmetic surgery you should wonder. When Medical refuses to pay for it (unless its proven medically necessary and makes the parents pay for it because it is cosmetic surgery you have to wonder.
No medi-cal in America does not cover it. Medical is for low income parents free medical. I dont even think private insurance covers it but not 100% sure on that one
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