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    Ulysses's Avatar
    Ulysses is offline In the eyes of a child you will see...the world as it should be.
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    Quote Originally Posted by missie_mack View Post
    Having a cut with something dirty alone will not cause tetanus. It needs to be a deep wound starved of oxygen for the C. Tetani spores to develop. And whilst vaccination has surely helped with the infection, so has a better understanding of the condition. Many people still think of rusty nails when they talk about tetanus and don't even realise that it is commonly known as lockjaw. If you look at the death rates from tetanus they were considerably dropping prior to the introduction of the vaccine- because the cause of lockjaw was identified.
    According to the Australian Immunisation Handbook (9th edition - last updated March 2012).

    Effective protection against tetanus can be provided only by active immunisation. Tetanus vaccine was introduced progressively into the childhood vaccination schedule after World War II. The effectiveness of the vaccine was demonstrated in that war; all Australian servicemen were vaccinated against tetanus and none contracted the disease. As tetanus can follow apparently trivial, even unnoticed wounds, active immunisation is the only certain protection.1 A completed course of vaccination provides protection for many years.
    It would seem deeper wounds increase the likelihood of infection, however it is not required as your post mentions above.

    Interestingly the Australian snapshot of Tetanus during the period of 2003 to 2005 (3 yrs) (taken from the Department of Health and Ageing website) there were no notifications or hospitalisations for children 0-4 for tetanus in Australia….seems as though waning immunity is the issue considering many people do not get boosters for tetanus and the majority of cases are unvaccinated. Pretty good stats for a disease that was considered one of the leading childhood killers.

    Age group
    (years)
    Notifications
    3 years
    (2003–2005)
    Hospitalisations
    3 years
    (July 2002–June 2005)
    LOSper admission
    (days)
    Deaths
    2 years
    (2003–2004)
    n Rate n (§) Rate (§) Median (§) n Rate
    0–4
    0
    0.00
    0
    (0)
    0.00
    (0.00)
    0.0 (0.0)
    0
    0.00
    5–14
    0
    0.00
    1
    (1)
    0.01
    (0.01)
    n.p.
    0
    0.00
    15–24
    0
    0.00
    6
    (4)
    0.07
    (0.05)
    1.0 (1.0)
    0
    0.00
    25–59
    0
    0.00
    15
    (9)
    0.05
    (0.03)
    2.0 (2.0)
    0
    0.00
    60+
    11
    0.10
    44
    (32)
    0.43
    (0.31)
    12.0 (10.0)
    0
    0.00
    All ages
    11
    0.02
    66
    (46)
    0.11
    (0.08)
    4.5 (3.5)
    0
    0.00

    According to WHO
    Where national immunization programmes have maintained high coverage with TT-containing vaccines for several decades, tetanus has become very rare, but occurs occasionally in the elderly and other non- or insufficiently immunized people.
    Last edited by Ulysses; 08-06-2012 at 21:19.

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    Atropos  (09-06-2012)

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    Hmm very interesting discussion tetanus obviously isn't communicable, but that doesn't mean vaccines haven't played a huge role in it almost being eradicated. When I was a kid the vaxx lasted 5 years, now it lasts 10. I know not everyone 'holds' certain vaxes but for the majority of people a decade in a child after boosters lasts them into teenagehood when their bodies are more likely to be able to fight the illness. Interesting stats there that when the vaxx was introduced it cut incidence by between half and a third. That's proof right there for me and that it can't just be hygiene. Vaccines aren't perfect, but there is undeniable proof for me they work overall.
    Last edited by delirium; 08-06-2012 at 21:25.

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    Atropos  (09-06-2012),beebs  (09-06-2012),Ulysses  (09-06-2012)


 

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